Happy birthday! On this date in history …
1613 – Samuel Argall captures Native American princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia, to ransom her for English prisoners held by her father; she is brought to Henricus as a hostage.
1870 – The New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art is founded.
1943 – The discovery of mass graves of Polish prisoners of war killed by Soviet forces in the Katyń Forest Massacre is announced. The Soviet Union denies responsibility.
1943 – The Jefferson Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C., on the 200th anniversary of President Thomas Jefferson’s birth.
DYK: On the panel of the southwest interior wall are excerpts from the Declaration of Independence, written in 1776:
We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, that to secure these rights governments are instituted among men. We … solemnly publish and declare, that these colonies are and of right ought to be free and independent states… And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine providence, we mutually pledge our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.
The inscription uses the word “inalienable”, as in Jefferson’s draft, rather than “unalienable”, as in the published Declaration.
1953 – CIA director Allen Dulles launches the mind-control program Project MKUltra.
1960 – The United States launches Transit 1-B, the world’s first satellite navigation system.
1964 – At the Academy Awards, Sidney Poitier becomes the first African-American male to win the Best Actor award for the film Lilies of the Field.
1970 – An oxygen tank aboard the Apollo 13 Service Module explodes, putting the crew in great danger and causing major damage to the Apollo Command/Service Module (codenamed “Odyssey”) while en route to the Moon.
1976 – The United States Treasury Department reintroduces the $2 bill as a Federal Reserve Note on Thomas Jefferson’s 233rd birthday as part of the United States Bicentennial celebration.
1997 – Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the Masters Tournament.
1570 – Guy Fawkes, English soldier, planned the Gunpowder Plot … 1743 – Thomas Jefferson, American lawyer and politician, third President of the United States … 1866 – Butch Cassidy, American criminal … 1909 – Eudora Welty, American short story writer and novelist … 1931 – Dan Gurney, American race car driver and engineer … 1939 – Paul Sorvino, American actor and singer … 1942 – Bill Conti, American composer and conductor … 1945 – Tony Dow, American actor … 1950 – Ron Perlman, American actor … 1951 – Peabo Bryson, American singer-songwriter and producer … 1951 – Max Weinberg, American drummer … 1963 – Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player and author … 1970 – Ricky Schroder, American actor … 1975 – Lou Bega, German singer-songwriter … 1983 – Hunter Pence, American baseball player.
1605 – Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia … 1695 – Jean de La Fontaine, French author and poet … 1853 – James Iredell, Jr., American lawyer and politician, 23rd Governor of North Carolina … 1911 – John McLane, Scottish-American politician, 50th Governor of New Hampshire … 1962 – Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of California … 1980 – Markus Höttinger, Austrian race car driver … 2005 – Don Blasingame, American baseball player, coach, and manager … 2009 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player … 2017 – Dan Rooney, American football executive and former United States Ambassador to Ireland … 2018 – Art Bell, American broadcaster and author, founder and the original host of the paranormal-themed radio program Coast to Coast AM.